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Refferences for Injection Procedures

1. Brown DL, Fink BR. History of neural blockade. In: Cousins MJ, Bridenbaugh PO, eds. Neural Blockade in Clinical Anesthesia and Management of Pain. 3rd ed. Philadelphia, PA: JB Lippincott; 1998:3–21.

2. Rynd F. Neuralgia: Introduction of Fluid into the Nerve. Dublin: Dublin Medical Press; 1845:167.

3. Pravaz CG. Sur un nouveau moyen d ópérer la coagulation du sang dans les artìer, applicable à la quérison des anéurismes. C R Acad Sci (Paris). 1853;36:88. 4. Wood A. New method of treating neuralgia by the direct application of opiates to the painful points. Edinb Med Surg J. 1855;82:265.

5. Koller C. On the use of cocaine for producing anaesthesia on the eye. Lancet. 1884;2:990–992 (translation).

6. Halstead WS. Practical comments on the use and abuse of cocaine; suggested by its invariably successful employment in more than a thousand minor surgical operations. N Y Med J. 1885;42:294–295.

7. Corning JL. Local Anaesthesia in General Medicine and Surgery. New York, NY: Appleton; 1886.

8. Hench PS, Kendall EC, Slocumb CH, et al. Effect of hormone adrenal cortex (17-hydroxy-11-dehydrocorticosterone; compound E) and of pituitary adrenocorticotrophic hormone on rheumatoid arthritis; preliminary report. Mayo Clin Proc. 1949;24:181–197.

9. Hollander JL, Brown EM, Jessar RA, et al. Hydrocortisone and cortisone injected into arthritic joints. JAMA. 1951;147:1629–1635.

10. Hollander JL, Jessar RA, Brown EM. Intra-synovial corticosteroid therapy: a decade of use. Bull Rheum Dis. 1961;11:23–240.

11. Simons DG, Travell JG, Simons LS. Travell & Simons’ Myofascial Pain and Dysfunction: The Trigger Point Manual. Vol 1. Baltimore, MD: Williams & Wilkins; 1999.

12. Travell JG, Simons DG. Myofascial Pain and Dysfunction. Vol 2. Baltimore, MD: Williams & Wilkins; 1993.

13. Kraus H. The use of surface anesthesia for the treatment of painful motion. JAMA. 1941;116:2582–2587.

14. Travell J, Rinzler S, Herman M. Pain and disability of the shoulder and arm: treatment by intramuscular infiltration with procaine hydrochloride. JAMA. 1942;120:417–422.

15. Bonica JJ. The Management of Pain. Philadelphia, PA: Lea & Febiger; 1953.

16. Buckley FP. Regional analgesia with local anesthetics. In: Loeser JD, ed. Bonica’s Management of Pain. 3rd ed. Philadelphia, PA: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins; 2001:1893–1952.

17. Moore GF. Arthrocentesis technique and intrasynovial therapy. In: Koopman WJ, Moreland LW, eds. Arthritis and Allied Conditions: Textbook of Rheumatology. 15th ed. Baltimore, MD: Williams & Wilkins; 2005: 775–786.

18. Centers for Disease Control. Universal precautions for prevention of transmission of human immunodeficiency virus, hepatitis B virus, and other bloodborne pathogens in health-care settings. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep. 1988;37:377–382, 387–388.

19. Alter MJ. Epidemiology of hepatitis C in the west. Semin Liver Dis. 1995; 15:5–14.

20. Hernandez ME, Bruguera M, Puyuelo T, et al. Risk of needle-stick injuries in the transmission of hepatitis C virus in hospital personnel. J Hepatol. 1992;16:56–58.

21. Mitsui T, Iwano K, Masuko K, et al. Hepatitis C virus infection in medical personnel after needlestick accident. Hepatology. 1992;16:1109– 1114.

22. Kozoil DE, Henderson DK. Nosocomial viral hepatitis in health care workers. In: Mayhall CG, ed. Hospital Epidemiology and Infection Control. Baltimore, MD: Williams & Wilkins; 1996:825–837.

23. Lo B, Steinbrook R. Health care workers infected with the human immunodeficiency virus. JAMA. 1992;267:1100–1105.

24. Ritter MA, French MLV, Eitzen HE, et al. The antimicrobial effectiveness of operative-site preparative agents. J Bone Joint Surg [Am]. 1980;62: 826–828.

25. Alexander JW, Fischer JE, Boyajian M, et al. The influence of hair removal methods on wound infections. Arch Surg. 1983;118:347–352.

26. Bogduk N. Practice Guidelines for Spinal Diagnostic and Treatment Procedures. 1st ed. San Francisco, CA: International Spine Intervention Society; 2004.

27. The American Heart Association in Collaboration with the International Liaison Committee on Resuscitation. Guidelines 2000 for cardiopulmonary resuscitation and emergency cardiovascular care. Circulation. 2000; 102(8 suppl):I1–I370.

28. Tucker GT, Mather LE. Properties, absorption, and disposition of local anesthetic agents. In: Cousins MJ, Bridenbaugh PO, eds. Neural Blockade in Clinical Anesthesia and Management of Pain. 3rd ed. Philadelphia, PA: JB Lippincott; 1998:47–110.

29. Catterall W, Mackie K. Local anesthetics. In: Hardman JG, Gilman AG, Limbird LE, eds. The Pharmacological Basis of Therapeutics. 9th ed. New York, NY: McGraw-Hill; 1996:331–347.

30. Swerdlow M. Medico-legal aspects of complications following pain relieving block. Pain. 1982;13:321–331.

31. Schimmer BP, Parker KL. Adrenocorticotropic hormone; adrenocortical steroids and their synthetic analogs; inhibitors of the synthesis and actions of adrenocortical hormones. In: Hardman JG, Gilman AG, Limbird LE, eds. The Pharmacological Basis of Therapeutics. 9th ed. New York, NY: McGraw-Hill; 1996:1459–1485.

32. Niesel HC, Klimpel L, Kaiser H, al-Rafai S. The single intercostal block-- surgical and therapeutic indications. Reg Anaesth. 1989;12(1):1–12. 33. Tenicela R, Pollan SB. Paravertebral-peridural block technique: a unilateral thoracic block. Clin J Pain. 1990;6(3):227–234.

34. Plancarte RS, Rivera FJM. Monitoring in regional anesthesia. In: Raj PP, ed. Textbook of Regional Anesthesia. New York, NY: Churchill Livingstone; 2002:157–176.

35. Nelson DA. Dangers from methylprednisolone acetate therapy by intraspinal injection. Arch Neurol. 1988;45:804–806. 36. Tuel SM, Meythaler JM, Cross LL. Cushing’s syndrome from epidural methylprednisolone. Pain. 1990;40:81–84.

37. Labat G. Regional Anesthesia: Its Technic and Clinical Application. Philadelphia, PA: WB Saunders; 1922.

38. Wassef MR. Interadductor approach to obturator nerve blockade for spastic conditions of adductor thigh muscles. Reg Anesth. 1993;18:13–17.

39. Pither CE, Raj PP, Ford DJ. The use of peripheral nerve stimulators for regional anesthesia: a review of experimental characteristics, techniques, and clinical applications. Reg Anesth. 1985;10:49–58.

40. Hullander M, Spillane W, Leivers D, et al. The use of Doppler ultrasound to assist with sciatic nerve blocks. Reg Anesth. 1991;16:282–284.

41. Smith BE, Fischer HBJ, Scott PV. Continuous sciatic nerve block. Anaesthesia. 1984;39(2):155–157.

42. Beck GP. Anterior approach to sciatic nerve block. Anesthesiology. 1963; 24:222–224.

43. McNicol LR. Anterior approach to sciatic nerve block in children: loss of resistance or nerve stimulator for identifying the neurovascular compartment. Anesth Analg. 1987;66:1199–1200.

44. Ichiyanagi K. Sciatic nerve block: lateral approach with patient supine. Anesthesiology. 1959;20:601–604.

45. Guardini R, Waldron BA, Wallace WA. Sciatic nerve block: a new lateral approach. Acta Anaesthesiol Scand. 1985;29:515–519.

46. Arendzen JH, van Duijn H, Beckmann MKF, et al. Diagnostic blocks of the tibial nerve in spastic hemiparesis. Scand J Rehabil Med. 1992;24: 75–81.

47. Lofstrom B. Block at the knee-joint. Illustrated Handbook in Local Anaesthesia. Chicago, IL: Year Book Medical Publishers; 1969.

48. Kofoed H. Peripheral nerve blocks at the knee and ankle in operations for common foot disorders. Clin Orthop. 1982;168:97–101.

49. Kempthorne PM, Brown TCK. Nerve blocks around the knee in children. Anaesth Intensive Care. 1984;12:14–17.

50. Rorie DK, Byer DE, Nelson DO, et al. Assessment of block of sciatic nerve in the popliteal fossa. Anesth Analg. 1980;59:371–376.

51. Bekerman H, Lankhorst GJ, Verbeek ALM, et al. The effects of phenol nerve and muscle blocks in treating spasticity: review of the literature. Crit Rev Phys Med Rehabil. 1996;8:111–124.

52. Glenn MB. Nerve blocks. In: Glenn MB, Whyte J, eds. The Practical Management of Spasticity in Children and Adults. Philadelphia, PA: Lea & Febiger; 1990:227–258.

53. Taddio A, Stevens B, Craig K, et al. Efficacy and safety of lidocaineprilocaine cream for pain during circumcision. N Engl J Med. 1997;336: 1197–1201.

54. Houck CS, Sethna NF. Transdermal analgesia with local anesthetics in children: review, update and future directions. Expert Rev Neurother. 2005; 5:625–634.

55. d’Agostino MA, Aryal X, Baron G, et al. Impact of ultrasound imaging on local corticosteroid injections of symptomatic ankle, hind-, and mid-foot in chronic inflammatory diseases. Arthritis Rheum. 2005;53: 284–292.

56. Naredo E, Cabero F, Beneyto P, et al. A randomized comparative study of short term response to blind injection versus sonographic-guided injection of local corticosteroids in patients with painful shoulder. J Rheumatol. 2004; 31:308–314.

57. Raza K, Lee CY, Pillling D, et al. Ultrasound guidance allows accurate needle placement and aspiration from small joints in patients with early inflammatory arthritis. Rheumatology (Oxford). 2003;42:976–979.

58. Balint PV, Kane D, Hunter J, et al. Ultrasound guided versus conventional joint and soft tissue fluid aspiration in rheumatology practice: a pilot study. J Rheumatol. 2002;29:2209–2213.

59. Adams ME, ed. Viscosupplementation: a treatment of osteoarthritis. An International Symposium. Ottawa, ON. J Rheumatol. 1993;20.

60. Skedros JG, Hunt KJ, Pitts TC. Variations in corticosteroid/anesthetic injections for painful shoulder conditions: comparisons among orthopedic surgeons, rheumatologists, and physical medicine and primary-care physicians. BMC Musculoskelet Disord. 2007;8:63–76.

61. Wise CM. Arthrocentesis and injection of joints and sof tissue. In: Firestein GS, Budd RC, Harris ED, et al. Kelley’s Texbook of Rheumatology. 8th ed. Philadelphia, PA: W B Saunders; 2008:848–859.

62. Buckwalter JA, Woo Sly. Tissue effects of medications in sports injuries. In: DeLee JC, Drez D, eds. Orthopaedic Sports Medicine: Principles and Practice. 2nd ed. Philadelphia, PA: WB Saunders; 2003:50–54.

63. Dwyer A, Aprill C, Bogduk N. Cervical zygapophyseal joint pain patterns 1: a study in normal volunteers. Spine. 1990;15:453–457.

64. Cohen SP. Sacroiliac joint pain: a comprehensive review of anatomy, diagnosis, and treatment. Anesth Analg. 2005;101(5):1440–1453.

SUGGESTED READINGS

Brown DL. Atlas of Regional Anesthesia. Philadelphia, PA: WB Saunders; 1992.

Brown DL. Regional Anesthesia and Analgesia. Philadelphia, PA: WB Saunders; 1996.

Cousins MJ, Bridenbaugh PO, eds. Neural Blockade in Clinical Anesthesia and Management of Pain. 3rd ed. Philadelphia, PA: JB Lippincott; 1998. Lennard TA. Pain Procedures in Clinical Practice. 2nd ed. Philadelphia, PA: Hanley & Belfus; 2000.

Moore GF. Arthrocentesis technique and intrasynovial therapy. In: Koopman WJ, Moreland LW, eds. Arthritis and Allied Conditions: Textbook of Rheumatology. 15th ed. Baltimore, MD: Williams & Wilkins; 2005: 775–786.

Raj PP, Lou L, Erdine S, et al. Radiographic Imaging for Regional Anesthesia and Pain Management. New York, NY: Churchill Livingstone; 2003.

Rathmell JP. Atlas of Image-Guided Intervention in Regional Anesthesia and Pain Medicine. Philadelphia, PA: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins; 2006.

Simons DG. Travell & Simons’ Myofascial Pain and Dysfunction: The Trigger Point Manual. Vol 1. Baltimore, MD: Williams & Wilkins; 1999.

Steinbrocker O, Neustadt DH. Aspiration and Injection Therapy in Arthritis and Musculoskeletal Disorders: A Handbook on Technique and Management. Hagerstown, MD: Harper & Row; 1972.

Travell JG, Simons DG. Myofascial Pain and Dysfunction. Vol 2. Baltimore, MD: Williams & Wilkins; 1992.